Due to the continual technological progression, search engines have now developed into response engines- and quite advanced ones. 

Their task is to find, analyze, and organize information on the Internet; to provide users the information that they want and need.

To ensure that your content ranks high on the search engines and reaches as many users as possible, you must first understand how to make it visible.

Visibility is the crucial element of digital marketing– the ‘zero moments’ when it all begins. When the search engine does not index the website, it can not include in its results.

Examine the Search Engine

But how are search engines working? Mainly, three things are happening: crawling, indexing, and ranking.

  • Crawling: is an analysis of websites on the Internet. The search engine checks the code and the contents of any URL it finds.
  • Indexing: is the array of the content found during the crawling process. When a page is on this list, it means that the search engine has indexed it to appear in the search results of the relevant queries.
  • Ranking: is the order in which the indexed results are displayed on the result page (SERP). The list goes from the most important material to the very least.

Here is a more in-depth explanation of how these processes work:

Crawling

Google robot crawling

Crawling is essentially the mechanism by which the search engine works on content around the web. This includes old and new websites, posts, product sheets, photos, links, etc.

Search engines use web crawlers (also called bots or spiders) that, through different algorithms, determine which websites to check and how often to allocate the so-called crawl budget.

The Crawler discovers new content by finding and documenting any link found on the scanned pages and then placing it in a list of to-be-crawled URLs.

These web crawlers have two jobs-

  • Find new web pages for indexing.
  • Scrape information for every web page

I like to think of these creepers as spies. Secretly, they go behind enemy lines to collect intelligence and report back to HQ.

But how are they going to find websites, get access, and retrieve that information? Well, it’s not as complicated as you might think.

How Crawlers Work

Both websites are part of a network called the World Wide Web, which is necessarily like a massive web spider spread all over the world. The only difference is that the world wide web is linked together by links (also known as hyperlinks or backlinks), and search engine crawlers (or spiders) use these links to get around the web and discover new content!

When web crawlers discover a new website, they start reading all the content and code of the website. 

The crawling method is not human, and each web crawler works independently (using machine learning from the search engine algorithm) to determine whether the pages they find will be added to the Google Index.

For instance, crawlers ensure that the places where you can buy weapons and drugs should not be added to their database therefore, reject content that has such information.  

But once a web crawler accepts a website to the database, it’s time for the site to reach the second stage of the indexing.

This procedure is also vital to SEO as this is the moment when the search engine discovers the number and nature of the page links, both inbound and outbound. In the ideal world, we want to make the code as easy as possible for Google to interpret and understand where the website owner performs SEO (Search Engine Optimization).

Why Is Crawling Important To Google?

  1. It enables the database to be accessed easily
  2. It offers a smoother and more user-friendly interface.
  3. It helps Google to apply its own “tags” to these pages and to provide the related results.

Indexing

Books Indexed

Once the content of the page has been collected, the Crawler then places the visited pages on the index and organizes all the details. The information is used to calculate the importance of the page relative to similar information.

First of all, understand that the “indexing” process is fluid and that as websites grow/add new content / delete new content – it will be re-engineered and re-indexed to provide relevant results for search queries.

You can get your web page indexed faster by submitting your XML sitemap to the Google Search Console.

Indexing: How do search engines interpret your pages and store them?

Once you have ensured that your site has been crawled, the next business order is to make sure that it can be indexed

That’s right — because your website can be found and scanned by a search engine, doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s stored in their index. 

The index is where the discovered pages are stored. After a crawler finds a website, the search engine makes it just like a browser does. In doing so, the search engine analyzes the contents of the article. Each of these information is contained in the index.

Ranking

Star Ranking

Although the two previous practices are the “behind-the-scenes” of search engine research, ranking is the most evident.

SERP is where the Digital Marketing Agency can demonstrate the results of its research to its customers. 

The search engine searches the pages that match the search query in its index once a user enters a keyword in the search bar.

Instead, these pages are given a score derived from 200 different ranking factors.

If you did a good SEO job, the page, blog post, or product sheet you worked on would be better positioned than your competitors.

Ranking: How do search engines rank URLs?

How do search engines ensure that when anyone enters a question in the search bar, get the correct results in return? 

This process is known as ranking, or ordering, of the essential search results to the least important to a specific query.

Search engines use algorithms, processes, or formulas to retrieve the stored information and order it in meaningful ways.

Over the years, these algorithms have undergone several improvements to enhance the accuracy of the search results. Google, for example, makes the algorithm changes every day. Some of these improvements are minor consistency tweaks, whereas some are core / broad algorithm improvements used to fix a particular problem, such as Penguin, to resolve connection spam. 

Check out our blog on the latest Google Update And How to Update your website accordingly so that you don’t lose Ranking in 2020

Ranking: How do search engines rank URLs?

Search engines have always wanted the same thing: to provide useful answers to search questions in the most useful formats. 

If that’s true, then why does it seem that SEO is different now than it has been in years?

When you notice a URL with a lower ranking that gives a better result to users than high-ranking URLs, you can bet RankBrain will adjust the results and move the result more relevant and delete the less related pages.

When search engines were just beginning to learn our language, it was much easier to play the system by using tricks and tactics that run counter to quality guidelines. 

Take keyword stuffing, for instance. If you wanted to rank for a particular keyword like “funny jokes,” you would add the words “funny jokes” to your page a bunch of times and make it bold, hoping to improve your ranking for that term:

  • Well, welcome to funny jokes! We ‘re going to tell the funniest jokes in the world. Funny jokes are funny and crazy. Your funny joke is waiting for you. Sit back and read funny jokes, because funny jokes will make you happier and more fun. Some funny, funny, funny jokes.

This tactic was used to make terrible user experiences, and instead of laughing at funny jokes, people were bombarded with annoying, hard-to-read text.

It may have succeeded in the past, but that’s never what the search engines wanted.

Role Of Links In SEO

We could mean two things when we talk about links. Backlinks or “inbound links” are links from other websites that point to your website, while internal links are links on your site that point to other pages (on the same location).

Links have historically played a significant role in SEO. Very early on, search engines needed help finding out which URLs were more reliable than others to help them determine how to rank search results. 

Calculating the number of connections leading to any given location has helped them do this.

Backlinks work pretty much in the same way as real-life WoM (Word-of-Mouth) references. Take an open coffee shop, Jenny’s Coffee, as an example:

  • References from others = good sign of authority
    Example: A lot of different people have all told you that Jenny’s Coffee is the best in town.
  • Referrals from yourself = prejudice, so not a positive indicator of authority
    Example: Jenny says that Jenny’s Coffee is the best in town
  • References from irrelevant or low-quality sources = not a good sign of authority and might even get you flagged for spam
    Example: Jenny paid to get people who have never visited her coffee shop to tell others how good it is.
  • No referral = vague authority
    Example: Jenny’s Coffee may be fine, but you haven’t been able to find someone who has an opinion, so you can’t be sure of it.

That’s why the PageRank was created. PageRank (part of Google’s core algorithm) is a link analysis algorithm named after Google’s founder, Larry Page. 

PageRank measures the value of a web page by calculating the consistency and quantity of links that point to it. 

The presumption is that the more significant, relevant, and reliable a web page is, the more links it would have received.

The more natural backlinks you have from high-authority (trusted) websites, the better your chances are to rank higher in search results.

Role of Content in SEO

There is no point in linking if it doesn’t lead searchers to any substantial content. Content is more than just words; everything is meant to be consumed by searchers — the content of the video, the content of the image, and, of course, the text.

 If search engines are response machines, the content is how the search engines provide the answers.

There are thousands of possible results whenever someone searches. How do search engines decide which pages the searcher will find valuable? 

A significant part of determining where your page ranks for a specific query is how well the content on your page matches the query ‘s intent. 

Does this page suit the words that were searched and help accomplish the mission that the searcher was trying to accomplish?

Because of this emphasis on user happiness and task accomplishment, there are no specific guidelines for how long your content should be, how many times it should include a keyword, or what you put in your header tags.

All of them can play a role in how well a page performs in the search, but the focus should be on users who will read the content.

Today, despite hundreds or even thousands of ranking signals, the top three have remained relatively consistent: links to your website (which act as third-party reputation signals), on-page content (quality content that meets the searcher ‘s intent) and RankBrain.

What is RankBrain?

Rank brain type

RankBrain is the machine learning part of the Google core algorithm. Machine learning is a computer program that continues to refine its predictions over time with new observations and training data. 

In other words, it’s always learning, and because it’s still learning, the search results should continuously improve.

For example, if RankBrain finds a lower ranking URL that gives users a better result than higher ranking URLs, you can bet that RankBrain changes the results, puts the more critical result higher, and eliminates the less appropriate links.

Like most search engine stuff, we don’t know what exactly RankBrain is, but apparently, neither do the people at Google.

What does this mean for SEO

Since Google will continue to utilize RankBrain to promote the most important, helpful material, we need to concentrate more than ever on meeting the searcher ‘s intent. 

Provide the best possible knowledge and experience to the searchers who could land on your website, and you’ve taken a significant first step towards doing well in the RankBrain world.

Ranking Factors For Digital Marketing

There are various aspects to the page ranking process.

A ‘Response Engine’ like Google continually learns how to provide information in the best way possible, taking together various factors:

  • Typology of the website: a basic ranking created by a search engine to say a search query from another;
  • Context: linked to each search request;
  • Time: the value of a single word varies with the question;
  • Layout: SERP will show different results depending on the intent of the quest.

Website Topology

As soon as the user enters a query, the first thing the search engine does is categorize it so that it can return the best typology for that query.

For instance:

Your Money, Your Life (YMYL) Sites;

Websites of local businesses;

Adult websites;

The News Sites.

Etc. Etc.

It’s an ever-changing ranking, but it helps decide which ‘location’ the question belongs to.

Context

The search engine often considers the meaning of the content as well. It extracts any relevant information from the user who forms a query, understands the social, historical, and environmental factors involved, and provides the most useful answer. 

Such variables are, for example, location, time, type of question.

Time

Another aspect that you must keep in mind is the relationship between the ‘weight’ given to the query, the time it was performed, and the time the content was indexed.

It is because every search query has a different function, and the search engine knows it.

Thus, the results of, say, “First World War” are more affected by the source authority, while the search engine gives material freshness for “movies out now.”

Results Layout

The choice of showing an information graph rather than videos or similar results depends on the question.

Unless the content you’re searching for is primarily in the form of videos, it will be displayed by Google on the SERP.

When instead, the search goal is about a subject with several specific queries, the “People also scan” box appears. This also refers to other SERP functions, such as topics and related queries.

Use This Knowledge to Boost Results

It’s easier to create websites that are scratchable and indexable once you know how search engines work. Sending the right signals to the search engines ensures that your pages appear on the results pages relevant to your business. Serving up searchers and search engines with the content they want is a step onto the path to a successful online business.

Our enthusiastic belief is in helping others effectively, which is why our communication channel is always open. Whether it is your feedback, questions, or requests- we would love to hear from you in any case.